Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

she wantsa between her centres of industry and administration, as much
territory to intervene between her and the evil centre which caused this
war in Germany . . .
Mr. McGovern (7.L.P.) : The hon. and gallant Member for West Leeds
(Major Adams) has given us the usual moral cause. He says that we did
not go to war for the defence of Poland. That is handing out to Members
something that every person in the country realises. This country did not
go to war merely for the defence of Poland, but one of the things for which
it did go to war was the defence of Poland. To say otherwise at this stage
would condemn us morally in the eyes of a large number of people in this
country. There is the danger presented to the nation and the world of
succumbing to German military power, and there are the methods employed
for undermining and overcoming resistance in the various countries. Is
the hon. and gallant Member satisfied that Russia is not performing the
same function; that Russia is not also attempting, by the creation of quisling
governments, to undermine the will to resist of internal organisations^ and
then* in the name of independence, moving in and creating the same cir-
cumstances as were created by Germany previous to the war ? There can
be a case for going to war to resist aggression and the insidious methods of
Germany, but there can be no case for refusing to recognise the self-same
methods when they are employed in Poland and elsewhere by Soviet Russia.
You lose your moral case entirely and also the will to resist . . .
... It was said that 8,500 Polish officers were destroyed by Russians,
but nobody in governmental circles may mention these things now. We
have to be kind to Joe, in case he walks out of the party. Therefore, we
did not say "Joe, you and your fellows murdered 8,500 Polish officers.
Why did you murder them ? " Why—because it was a question of des-
troying the ruling class of Poland. Poland had to be destroyed as a Polish
national unity and the only way to destroy it was to murder the ruling class
of that country. There was the creation of the Polish national army on
Soviet territory with Communist quislings. They were prepared to march
into Poland to set up an independent State. I have no great amount of
time for the Polish Government in London or the Polish Government at
any time. I have in this House often expressed my views about the Polish
ruling class, but that is a very different thing from destroying the national
outlook and entity of the Polish people. The Communists tried to destroy
them. Propaganda goes out and the Polish people ask for an inquiry into
the allegation that 8,500 of their officers were found murdered. Then
Russia gets all flurried. They have been accused of this, and therefore
they repudiate the policy of Polish national government in London.
Mr. Marnier (Liberal} : It is essential that any agreement should be
freely negotiated between the two States concerned, Russia and Poland.
The appearance of pressure or force majeure would make progress impossible.
I should have thought the Soviet Government fully capable of displaying
a magnanimous outlook.
After all, what do two towns, to which the Poles attach so much import-
ance, matter to them compared with the good will., the friendship and the
confidence not only of the Poles but of vast numbers of people all over
the world ? If agreement could be reached by a friendly gesture from the
Soviet Government, it would make things easy for the Poles and they would
be rendering an immense service to the whole world^ and not least to them-
selves. It is said that East Prussia should be given to the Poles in com-
pensation for adjustments with regard to the Curzon Line. I do not think
there is any connection between the two or that they should be related
together. To my mind the word compensation is not the right word to